Glossary of Pelvic Health Terms

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP)

Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) is categorized by any pelvic pain that lasts for a period of 6 months or longer.


tailbone pain




Having a bowel movement less than 3 times per week


A Cystocele, also known as a prolapse of the bladder, is characterized by the dropping or bulging of the bladder into the vagina

Diastasis Recti

separation of the abdominal muscles


painful intercourse


A disorder in which the cells from the lining of the uterus grow outside of the uterus

Erectile Dysfunction

the inability to achieve or maintain an erection during intercourse

Fecal Incontinence

Fecal Incontinence occurs when a person unintentionally loses stool or mucous from the rectum.


Often categorized by chronic pain throughout the body causing tenderness in the muscles, joints, and tendons. This disorder has also been called Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Flatulence Incontinence

an overabundance of uncontrolled, excessive flatulence

Interstitial Cystitis (IC)

IC is a chronic inflammation of the bladder lining that causes bladder pain and frequent, urgent urination.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a complex and common disorder that affects the lining of the colon and can cause spasming, cramping, gas, bloating, constipation or diarrhea.


An exercise designed to squeeze the muscles of the pelvic floor.

How to really do a Kegel


Fluid retention and swelling (often localized) due to a build up or blockage in the body's lymphatic system. It is also potential side effect from various cancer related surgeries and radiation.


The surgical removal of the breast


A stage in a woman's life where her menstruation cycle changes and eventually stops.

Neurogenic Bladder

Neurogenic bladder is a term used to describe when bladder disorders that arise due to problem with the nerves that control the bladder.

Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction

Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is a term used to describe when bowel disorders that arise due to problem with the nerves that control the bowel.


Most people can sleep 6-8 hours with minimal need to wake (0-1 times) to urinate. Waking more frequently to urinate is called nocturia.


Literally meaning "porous bones", this disease is occurs when the bones lose density causing them to become brittle and weak

Overactive Bladder (OAB)

A urologic condition categorized by frequent, strong urges to urinate during the day or night

Pelvic floor

Found in both men and women, the pelvic floor is the region of connective tissue, muscles, ligaments, blood vessels and nerves that are key in the aid and support in bowel, bladder, and sexual organ functions.

Pelvic organ prolapse

The encroachment or bulge of the bowel, bladder, or uterus into the vaginal canal


A type of fitness instruction that targets the "core" muscles and was developed by Joseph Pilates in the early 1900's

Proctalgia Fugax

Sometime called "levator syndrome", Proctaglia fugax is several rectal pain often characterized by spasming of the muscles surrounding the rectum.


Surgical removal of the prostate gland (all or part)

Prostatic hypertrophy

enlargement of the prostate (considered Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy "BPH" in non-cancerous situations)


Inflammation or infection of the prostate

Pudendal Nerve Entrapment (PNE)

The pudendal nerve is a sacral nerve that dives through the buttock and hip region on both sides of the body. This is a nerve that affects bowel, bladder and sexual function. Entrapment or irritation of this nerve can cause an array of symptoms including deep pelvic/ hip/ buttock pain, as well as bladder or bowel urgency, tightening or spasms of the pelvic muscles, vulvar pain, painful intercourse, extreme pain or difficulty with sitting, and many other related disorders.


A Rectocele, also known as a prolapse of the rectum, is typically characterized by the the bulging of the rectum into the vagina.


Pain, numbness or tingling along the sciatic nerve which is often felt in the deep buttock or back of the leg

Stress incontinence

Stress incontinence is the most common type of incontinence in women and occurs when the bladder leaks urine during physical exertion or activity.

Trigger point

Painful spot-specific points in the fascia of a muscle

Urinary Frequency

Urination is normal every 2-3 hours but more than that is considered frequent urination

Urinary Hesitancy

This condition is most common in older men with an enlarged prostate gland and is characterized by difficulty initiating or maintaining the flow of urination.

Urinary Urgency/ Urge Incontinence

Urinary urgency accounts for the most common type of incontinence for men. It is sometimes called Irritable bladder, Spasmodic bladder, or Detrusor hyperreflexia as the incontinence occurs when the bladder suddenly squeezes or spasms, causing urine loss


Vaginismus is a condition in which involuntary contractions of the muscles surrounding the vagina (pelvic floor muscles) occur during attempted intercourse


The external portion of the female genitals including the labia majora, labia minora, vestibule (opening of the vagina) and clitoris

Vulvar Vestibulitis

Pain and inflammation of the tissue between the labia minora and the vaginal opening


a vulvar burning pain occurring in the absence of relevant visible findings or a specific, clinically identifiable neurologic disorder